How do you treat quadrilateral space syndrome?

How do you treat quadrilateral space syndrome?

Conservative treatment is often first trialed, including physical exercise modification, physical therapy, and therapeutic massage. In patients unrelieved by conservative measures, surgical decompression of the quadrilateral space may be indicated.

What is quadrilateral paresthesia?

Quadrilateral space syndrome is an uncommon cause of paresthesia and an underdiagnosed cause of digital ischemia in overhead athletes. Quadrilateral space syndrome can present with neurogenic symp- toms (pain and weakness) secondary to axillary nerve compression.

How do you treat axillary nerve damage?

In many cases, axillary nerve injury will heal on its own. This may take several months. During that time it is important to do physical therapy to maintain flexibility across the shoulder joint. If after several months, the weakness does not improve, then surgery to treat the nerve injury is indicated.

What is the quadrilateral space?

The quadrangular space (also known as the quadrilateral space) is an anatomic interval formed by the shaft of the humerus laterally, the long head of the triceps medially, the teres minor muscle superiorly, and the teres major muscle inferiorly.

What causes quadrilateral space syndrome?

Quadrilateral space syndrome (QSS) is caused by entrapment of the axillary nerve or its main branches and/or the posterior circumflex humeral artery in the quadrilateral space by internal or external compression.

Which nerve is affected in quadrangular space syndrome?

Quadrangular space syndrome (QSS) or Quadrilateral space syndrome is a compressive neuropathy of the axillary nerve (AN) and/or the posterior circumflex humeral artery (PCHA) in the shoulder. The most frequent cause is a fibrous band(s) in the quadrilateral wpace (QS) and/or surrounding muscle hypertrophy.

How do you treat nerve damage in the shoulder?

taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen or naproxen. taking oral corticosteroids to relieve inflammation. injecting corticosteroids to reduce swelling and inflammation. wearing a soft, cervical collar to limit movement in the neck to allow the nerves to heal.

Where is the triangular space located?

The triangular interval (also known as the lateral triangular space, lower triangular space, and triceps hiatus) is a space found in the axilla. It is one of the three intermuscular spaces found in the axillary space.

What is the number of vertex of a quadrilateral?

four vertices
A quadrilateral is a polygon that has exactly four sides. (This also means that a quadrilateral has exactly four vertices, and exactly four angles.)

What is the definition of quadrilateral space syndrome?

Quadrilateral space syndrome (QSS) is a rare disorder characterized by axillary nerve and posterior humeral circumflex artery (PHCA) compression within the quadrilateral space. Impingement is most frequently due to trauma, fibrous bands, or hypertrophy of one of the muscular borders.

What are the options for surgery for cervical radiculopathy?

Indicated for surgery are patients with clinically significant motor deficits, debilitating pain that is resistant to conservative modalities and/or time, or instability in the setting of disabling radiculopathy. Surgical treatment options include anterior cervical decompression with fusion and posterior cervical laminoforaminotomy. Conclusion

What kind of pain is caused by cervical radiculopathy?

Keywords: cervical radiculopathy, disc herniation, ACDF, ADF, posterior cervical laminoforaminotomy, posterior cervical foraminotomy Introduction Cervical radiculopathy is a pain and/or sensorimotor deficit syndrome that is defined as being caused by compression of a cervical nerve root [1–4].

Who is the author of cervical radiculopathy review?

John M. Caridi, Phone: +1-212-7742694, Fax: +1-212-6061746, Email: [email protected] Corresponding author. Received 2011 Apr 15; Accepted 2011 Aug 8. Copyright© Hospital for Special Surgery 2011 This article has been cited byother articles in PMC. Abstract Background