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What is political decentralization?


What is political decentralization?

Political decentralization signifies a reduction in the authority of national governments over policymaking. A national government may decide to decentralize its authority and responsibilities for a variety of reasons.

What is the decentralization of government?

Decentralization is defined as the process of political devolution, fiscal and decision-making from central government to local level. The principle of accountability works best at local level, devolution of power makes government more accountable for the implementation of its tasks.

What could be the reason for some government to apply decentralization?

Decentralisation facilitates fiscal competition between jurisdictions, in particular when households are mobile between subnational governments. Decentralisation also enhances competition within municipalities and within regions.

What is the power of regional state in Ethiopia?

The primary organs of state power at the regional level were regional shengos. These bodies were responsible mainly for implementing the central government’s laws and decisions. Regional shengos could draft their own budgets and development plans, but these had to be approved by the National Shengo.

What are the three major reasons why government decentralized?

BENEFITS OF DECENTRALIZATION Subsidiarity: There are efficiencies gained by ensuring that democratically elected officials are accountable to the electorate. Mobilization: Greater community participation of local citizens within local institutions should enhance decision-making and the democratic process.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of a decentralized government?

Advantages and Disadvantages of Decentralization – Explained

  • Reduces Burden of Top Executives: Centralization over burdens top executives.
  • Quick and Better Decisions:
  • Facilitates Diversification:
  • Use of Capabilities of Subordinates:
  • 5. Development of Executives:
  • Motivates Subordinates:
  • Reduces Burden of Communication:

What is the responsibility of regional government in Ethiopia?

The regional governments are responsible for the implementation of economic and social development policies, and for maintaining public order. The zones serves as an intermediary level between woredas and region and are also headed by elected executives and councils.

What is the power and function of regional government in Ethiopia?

The federal Constitution of Ethiopia provides the regional states – the constituent unit of the federation –with the power to draft, adopt and amend their own constitutions, thereby allowing each of the regional states to use its constitution, among others, to design and adopt a system and structure of local government …

When did Ethiopia start to decentralize its government?

Since 1994, governance reform in Ethiopia has centered around efforts to restructure what had been a radically centralized state by devolving authority. Momentum has been sustained in recent years, with a decision in 2002 to deepen decentralization to lower tiers of government, and its subsequent aggressive implementation.

What are the powers of local authorities in Ethiopia?

The local authorities (Kebeles) have not been assigned any specific powers, except the Woreda or district authorities, which are authorised to initiate, plan and execute development activities. Hence, the power of the local authority is confined to the delivery of basic services as before ( Assefe & Gebre-Egziabher, 2007; Ayele, 2011).

What kind of government system does Ethiopia have?

After 1991, Ethiopia has introduced an ethnic federal governance system constituting nine regional states and two autonomous city administrations, Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa.

What is the level of community participation in Ethiopia?

Regarding participation, there is low level of community participation in different sectors at the stage of problem identification, prioritization of needs, planning and budgeting processes and decision making activities at regional and local levels.