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How common is familial combined hyperlipidemia?


How common is familial combined hyperlipidemia?

FCH is very common and is considered one of the most common genetic hyperlipidemias in the general population (prevalence estimated: 0.5%–2.0%), being the most common in patients affected by coronary diseases (10%) and among acute myocardial infarct survivors aged less than 60 (11.3%) (Gaddi et al 1999).

Is mixed hyperlipidemia genetic?

Mixed hyperlipidemia is a genetic disorder passed down through family members. If you have this disease, it means you have higher-than-normal levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and other lipids in your blood. The disorder contributes to heart disease and early heart attacks.

What is a familial gene?

Listen to pronunciation. (fuh-MIH-lee-ul) A phenotype or trait that occurs with greater frequency in a given family than in the general population; familial traits may have a genetic and/or nongenetic etiology.

What type of mutation causes familial hypercholesterolemia?

Mutations in the APOB, LDLR, LDLRAP1, or PCSK9 gene cause familial hypercholesterolemia. Changes in the LDLR gene are the most common cause of this condition. The LDLR gene provides instructions for making a protein called a low-density lipoprotein receptor.

Is Familial the same as genetic?

birth defects A familial disease is hereditary, passed on from one generation to the next. It resides in a genetic mutation that is transmitted by mother or father (or both) through the gametes to their offspring. Not all genetic disorders are familial, however, because the mutation may arise…

Is FH serious?

Untreated, FH leads to early heart attacks and heart disease. *People with FH have a high amount of low density lipoprotein (LDL) or “bad cholesterol” due to a mutation in one of the genes that controls the way cholesterol is cleared by the body.

How are genes linked in familial combined hyperlipidemia?

Genetics of familial combined hyperlipidemia Genetic research of familial combined hyperlipidemia families has revealed several linked loci guiding to susceptibility genes. The USF1 transcription factor is the major gene underlying the 1q21-23 linkage.

How many people have familial combined hyperlipidaemia ( FCH )?

Familial Combined Hyperlipidaemia Familial Combined Hyperlipidaemia (FCH for short) is found in approximately 1 in 100 of the population. Typically both cholesterol and triglyceride levels are raised in the blood due to an overproduction of cholesterol and a delay in removing triglycerides.

Where is APOA5 gene located in familial hyperlipidemia?

Another recent clue to the molecular pathogenesis of familial combined hyperlipidemia is the association of the high triglyceride trait with the APOA5 gene, located on 11q. More familial combined hyperlipidemia genes are expected to be found, since linkage evidence exists for additional loci on 16q24 and 20q12-q13.1.

How is hypertriglyceridemia related to familial hypercholesterolemia?

Families in which there was a predominance of elevated cholesterol or triglyceride levels were assigned to groups termed familial hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia, respectively. Pedigrees containing members with hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia were said to have FCHL (OMIM 44250).