Common questions

How many divisions are in a legion?


How many divisions are in a legion?

A legion consisted of ten cohorts and four cavalry divisions called »turma«. The latter counted 120 men. A legate called »legatus legionis« commanded a legion, assisted by two deputies: the military tribune »tribunus laticlavus,« who came from the senatorial class, and the camp prefect called »praefectus castrorum.

What units were in a Roman Legion?

The Roman legion (Latin: legiō, [ˈɫɛɡioː]) was the largest military unit of the Roman army, composed of 4,200 infantry and 300 equites (cavalry) in the period of the Roman Republic (509 BC–27 BC); and was composed of 5,200 infantry and 120 auxilia in the period of the Roman Empire (27 BC – AD 476).

How many soldiers are in 3 legions?

Each legion had between 4,000 and 6,000 soldiers. A legion was further divided into groups of 80 men called ‘centuries’.

What are the ranks in the Roman Legion?

Roman Legionary Ranks

  • Legatus Legionis. The overall Legionary commander.
  • Tribunus Laticlavius. Named for the broad striped toga worn by men of senatorial rank.
  • Praefectus Castrorum. The camp Prefect.
  • Tribuni Angusticlavii.
  • Primus Pilus.
  • Centurions.
  • Pilus Prior.
  • Principales.

What was the main unit of the Roman legion?

Heavy infantry: This was the principal unit of the legion. The heavy infantry was composed of citizen legionaries that could afford the equipment composed of an iron helmet, shield, armour and pilum, a heavy javelin whose range was about 30 meters.

What was the structure of the Roman army?

Organization of the Roman Army. The early Roman Manipular Legion, used from the fourth century B.C. until the Marian Reforms of 107 B.C., was the largest and most basic unit of the army’s composition. The Roman Army consisted of four Legions, each with the strength of roughly 4200 infantrymen.

Who was the leader of the Roman legion?

Over the centurions were six tribunes, and leading the entire legion was the legate, a senator appointed by the Emperor. During the time of the Roman Republic (506 – 27 BC), all male Romans citizens age 17–46 were required by law to be available to serve in the Roman army for a period of up to six years.

How many horsemen did the Roman legion have?

The cavalry was outnumbered in the legion. In a total of circa 3,000 men, (plus the velites that normally enlarged the number to about 4,200), the legion only had around 300 horsemen, divided into 10 units ( turmae) of 30 men. These men were commanded by decurions.