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How the virus of Japanese encephalitis is transmitted?

How the virus of Japanese encephalitis is transmitted?

JE virus is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected Culex species mosquitoes, particularly Culex tritaeniorhynchus. The virus is maintained in a cycle between mosquitoes and vertebrate hosts, primarily pigs and wading birds.

Can you get Japanese encephalitis vaccine in Thailand?

Only supportive treatment is provided. 4. In Thailand and many others in Asia including China, Malaysia; we give JE vaccine to everyone in their childhood.

What are the chances of catching Japanese encephalitis?

The chances of contracting Japanese encephalitis are small, at about 1 in a 1,000,000 chance. However, JE is a serious disease and once contracted, generally 1/3 of people will recover fully, 1/3 will have ongoing neurological issues and 1/3 will die from the disease.

What is the estimated risk of Japanese encephalitis to a patient traveling to an endemic area in season?

For the large majority of travellers, the likelihood of developing clinical JE in endemic areas is negligible (overall per trip attack rates estimated as approx. 1/10,000,000 for travel to endemic countries) as is the estimated absolute benefit of JEV.

What happens if you get Japanese encephalitis?

In people who develop severe disease, initial symptoms include fever, chills, headache, fatigue, nausea and vomiting. The disease can progress to inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) and is often accompanied by seizures. Coma and paralysis occur in some cases.

Who is most at risk for Japanese encephalitis?

The people most at risk are those who live and work in rural areas, such as on pig farms and in rice fields, where the condition is widespread. Around 75% of cases involve children under the age of 15. Find out more about the causes of Japanese encephalitis, and which countries have the highest risk.

Is there Japanese encephalitis in Thailand?

This disease was first recognized in Japan. Currently, it is found widely in East Asia, Southeast Asia and South Asia. In Thailand, high incidence is found where rice and pig farms coexist, especially in Mae Hong Son, Mukdahan, Kamphaeng Phet, Samut Sakhon and Nan provinces.

How many people have died from Japanese encephalitis?

The disease occurs in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific. About 3 billion people live in areas where the disease occurs. About 68,000 symptomatic cases occur a year, with about 17,000 deaths. Often, cases occur in outbreaks….

Japanese encephalitis
Frequency 68,000
Deaths 17,000

Is it worth getting Japanese encephalitis vaccine?

Japanese encephalitis vaccination. The vaccine gives protection for more than 9 out of every 10 people who have it. You should get vaccinated if you’re: planning a long stay in a high-risk country (usually at least a month)

Which organ is affected by Japanese encephalitis?

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a viral infection that affects parts of the central nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord.

How do I protect myself from Japanese encephalitis?

Mosquitoes bite during the day and night. The best way to prevent Japanese encephalitis virus infection is to protect yourself from mosquito bites. Use insect repellent, wear long-sleeved shirts and pants, treat clothing and gear, and get vaccinated before traveling, if vaccination is recommended for you.

Can you survive Japanese encephalitis?

Up to 1 in every 3 people who develop these more serious symptoms will die as a result of the infection. In those who survive, these symptoms tend to slowly improve. But it can take several months to make a full recovery, and up to half of those who do survive are left with permanent brain damage.