# What are the 2 equations for momentum?

Contents

## What are the 2 equations for momentum?

Momentum

• An object which is moving has momentum.
• p = m • v.
• In a collision, a force acts upon an object for a given amount of time to change the object’s velocity.
• Impulse = Momentum Change.
• F • t = mass • Delta v.
• F1 = – F2
• t1 = t2
• If A = – B.

What is the momentum momentum formula?

p = m v . p = m v . You can see from the equation that momentum is directly proportional to the object’s mass (m) and velocity (v). The SI unit for momentum is kg m/s. Momentum is so important for understanding motion that it was called the quantity of motion by physicists such as Newton.

What are the formulas for momentum and acceleration?

Momentum Conservation and Newton’s Laws Recall that acceleration is rate of change of velocity, so we can rewrite the Second Law: force = mass x rate of change of velocity. Now, the momentum is mv, mass x velocity.

### How do you calculate momentum GCSE?

Newton’s second law of motion

1. We first need to work out the momentum of the ball using the equation momentum = mass x velocity. Remember that mass is always in kg.
2. Momentum = 0.05 kg x 70 m/s = 3.5 kg m/s.
3. We can then use the equation force = change in momentum / time.
4. Force = 3.5 / 5 = 0.7 N.

What is momentum class 9th?

Momentum is the measurable quantity as the object is moving and has mass and so it has the momentum. Momentum is defined as the mass (m) times the velocity (v). If an object is steady so its velocity is zero resulting in zero momentum.

What is momentum in physics definition?

Momentum, product of the mass of a particle and its velocity. Momentum is a vector quantity; i.e., it has both magnitude and direction. Isaac Newton’s second law of motion states that the time rate of change of momentum is equal to the force acting on the particle. See Newton’s laws of motion.

#### What is the symbol for momentum in physics?

p
Why “p” is the symbol for momentum.

Is force and momentum the same?

Force is generally the external action upon a body whether it is a pulling or pushing action. Momentum on the other hand is the representation of the amount of motion within a moving body.

What is momentum calculation?

Calculating momentum A moving object has momentum. This is the tendency of the object to keep moving in the same direction. It is difficult to change the direction of movement of an object with a lot of momentum. Momentum can be calculated using this equation: p = m × v.

## What is momentum example?

So momentum equals mass times velocity or p = m x v. Therefore, if any object of any mass is not moving, its momentum is zero because its velocity is zero. Examples of Momentum: A 1000 kg car moving at 15 m/sec has a momentum of 15,000 kg•m/sec as a result of multiplying the mass and the velocity.

How do you calculate momentum?

In physics, momentum is a quantity that can be calculated by multiplying the mass and velocity of the object involved. Momentum is expressed by the letter p. So momentum equals mass times velocity or p = m x v. Therefore, if any object of any mass is not moving, its momentum is zero because its velocity is zero.

What is the equation for calculating initial momentum?

You calculate momentum using the equation p=mv p = mv where momentum ​ p ​ is measured in kg m/s, mass ​ m ​ in kg and velocity ​ v ​ in m/s. This equation for momentum in physics tells you that momentum is a vector that points in the direction of the velocity of an object.

### What is the formula for momentum in physics?

In physics, momentum of an object is equal to the mass times the velocity. momentum = mass * velocity. Momentum is usually abbreviated using the letter “p” making the equation look like: p = m * v. where p is the momentum, m is the mass, and v is the velocity.

How do you calculate the momentum of an object in physics?

The equation to calculate momentum is simple: P = M * V, where “P” stands for momentum , “M” stands for the mass of the object and “V” stands for the velocity of the object . So, the momentum of an object is the product of its mass and velocity. If an object is not moving, it has no momentum .