Popular lifehacks

What are the names of the 11 First Fleet ships?


What are the names of the 11 First Fleet ships?

The First Fleet’s 11 ships comprised two Royal Navy escort ships, the HMS Sirius and HMS Supply, six convict transports, the Alexander, Charlotte, Friendship, Lady Penrhyn, Prince of Wales and the Scarborough, and three store ships, the Borrowdale, Fishburn and Golden Grove.

Who was the youngest girl convict on the First Fleet?

Elizabeth Hayward
Beth – The Story of a Child Convict, is an incredibly moving tale inspired by the experiences of Elizabeth Hayward, the youngest female convict on the First Fleet and the journals of naval officer William Bradley and Arthur Bowes Smyth, the surgeon and artist also onboard.

Who was the most famous convict on the First Fleet?

John Hudson, described as ‘sometimes a chimney sweeper’, was the youngest known convict to sail with the First Fleet. Voyaging on board the Friendship to NSW, the boy thief was 13 years old on arrival at Sydney Cove.

What was the biggest ship in the first fleet?

Alexander, weighing in at 452 tons, 114 ft long and 31 ft at the beam, the Alexander was commanded by Master Duncan Sinclair. She carried 192 male convicts and was the largest ship in the fleet.

Who sent Arthur Phillip to Australia?

In October 1786, Phillip was appointed captain of HMS Sirius and named Governor-designate of New South Wales, the proposed British colony on the east coast of Australia, by Lord Sydney, the Home Secretary. Phillip had a very difficult time assembling the fleet which was to make the eight-month sea voyage to Australia.

Who was the oldest person on the First Fleet?

Dorothy Handland
Dorothy Handland (born Dorothy Coolley; c. 1705/26 -) was perhaps the oldest convict transported on the First Fleet.

What did child convicts do in Australia?

The majority of convict or orphaned boys aged between 9 and 18 worked as labourers and herdsmen assigned to settlers, as they were usually too small for the rough work of clearing the land, quarrying stone and building roads.

How many babies were born in the First Fleet?

It is estimated there were about 50 children on the First Fleet when it arrived at Botany Bay. Over 20 children were born at sea during the eight-month voyage.

Why was the Second Fleet called the death fleet?

It’s no surprise the Second Fleet was known as ‘The Death Fleet. Of 928 male convicts on Neptune, Scarborough and Surprize, 26 per cent died on the voyage and nearly 40 per cent were dead within months of their arrival in the colony. This shocking mortality rate was nearly ten times that of the First Fleet voyage.

Where did the first ships of the First Fleet arrive?

On the 5th of August they arrived in Rio De Janiero and took on food and water. Then they sailed to the Cape of Good Hope in Africa. On the 19th of January the first ships arrived in Botany Bay. Seven days later the ships found a place to anchor and Arthur Philip planted a British flag in a place he called Sydney Cove.

How many children were on the First Fleet?

More than 700 were packed onto the crowded ships, including around 17 children. Many were sick and malnourished when they boarded. Around 20 wouldn’t survive the journey. The ships sailed from Portsmouth, England, on 13 May 1787. As they sailed through the tropics the weather was hot and humid.

Where can I find the First Fleet journals?

The State Library holds the world’s largest collection of original First Fleet journals and correspondence. Convict love tokens Love tokens were made by convicts while they were waiting to be transported. They were made of copper coins and given to people they were leaving behind.

How did Captain Cook get the First Fleet to England?

One solution was transportation. Britain had colonies in Africa and America where it send criminals. But then Americans rose up against the English so it was no longer an option. The government looked to the land of New Holland and a place called New South Wales; claimed for England by Captain Cook in 1770.