What causes enlarged calf muscles?


What causes enlarged calf muscles?

You can have swelling due to fluid buildup simply from being overweight, being inactive, sitting or standing for a long time, or wearing tight stockings or jeans. Factors related to fluid buildup include: Acute kidney failure. Cardiomyopathy (problem with the heart muscle)

What is the superficial calf muscle?

The gastrocnemius calf muscle is the most superficial of the calf muscles. It inserts onto the heel bone via the Achilles tendon. The gastrocnemius muscle flexes the foot at the ankle joint — that is it acts to point the foot downwards by bending it at the ankle joint, such as when you stand on your toes.

Why do my calf muscles hurt when I wake up?

Tightening, or contracture, of the gastrocnemius muscle can lead to what is called “start-up pain.” When pain occurs with the first few steps after arising in the morning or getting up from a chair and resolves after a minute or two of walking, this is referred to as “start-up pain.”

What is the muscle on the outside of your calf?

The peroneus muscles, also known as fibularis muscles, are a group of three muscles in each leg. They run on the outer side of the lower extremity. The peroneus longus and peroneus brevis run on the outer side of the leg.

What causes Pseudohypertrophy of calves?

— Pseudohypertrophy of the calves is most commonly related to muscular dystrophy and occasionally to endocrine disorders, chronic denervation, infection, or local tumors.

What nerve goes to calf muscle?

The tibial nerve (S1, S2) innervates the majority of the muscles of the calf. The tibial nerve passes through the popliteal fossa and gives off branches to the gastrocnemius, popliteus, soleus, and plantaris muscles. There is also a cutaneous branch that will become the sural nerve.

How do I stretch my outer calf?

Calf stretch 1

  1. Stand near a wall with one foot in front of the other, front knee slightly bent.
  2. Keep your back knee straight, your heel on the ground, and lean toward the wall.
  3. Feel the stretch all along the calf of your back leg.
  4. Hold this stretch for 20-30 seconds.

How do I know if I tore my calf muscle?

What are the symptoms of a pulled calf muscle?

  1. Difficulty tensing your calf muscles or standing on toes.
  2. Muscle pain when flexing your ankle or pointing your toes.
  3. Problems bending your knee.
  4. Snapping or popping sensation in your calf.
  5. Sudden pain in the back of your lower leg.
  6. Swelling in your calf muscle.

What is calf muscle hypertrophy?

Calf hypertrophy is a typical clinical feature in neuromuscular diseases such as X-linked muscular dystrophies of Duchenne and Becker type and can be seen as an atypical feature in numerous other diseases. The diagnosis of calf hypertrophy usually is based on subjective visual assessment.

What is Gowers maneuver?

The child assumes the hands-and-knees position and then climbs to a stand by “walking” his hands progressively up his shins, knees, and thighs. This maneuver, known as Gowers’ sign, has been associated almost exclusively with Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy.

What are the two muscles on the back of the calf?

The calf muscle, on the back of the lower leg, is actually made up of two muscles: The gastrocnemius is the larger calf muscle, forming the bulge visible beneath the skin. The soleus is a smaller, flat muscle that lies underneath the gastrocnemius muscle.

What do your calf muscles do when you run?

Your calf muscles help you point—or what’s known as plantar flexion—your foot downward and help you push off while propelling yourself forward. Your calf muscles perform quick and large contractions during a run.

What causes pain in the soleus of the calf?

In addition to swelling, bruising (torn blood vessels), and severe, sharp pain, a hematoma (a collection of blood) may form. Soleus Muscle Strain. The soleus muscle is located below the gastrocnemius muscle in the calf. Straining of the soleus muscle is commonly a chronic injury that occurs in long-distance runners.

What are the different types of calf pain?

Types of muscular calf pain range from cramps to tears. A calf muscle spasm or cramp refers to a sudden, involuntary contraction of one or more calf muscles.