Common questions

What is Khao I Dang now?


What is Khao I Dang now?

The Khao-I-Dang (KID) Holding Center (Thai: เขาอีด่าง, Khmer: ខាវអ៊ីដាង) was a Cambodian refugee camp 20 km north of Aranyaprathet in Prachinburi (now Ta Phraya District, Sa Kaeo Province, Thailand).

When did Khao I Dang close?

Khao I Dang camp opened in 1979, after the fall of the Khmer Rouge, and became one of the most enduring refugee camps on the Thai-Cambodia border. At its peak, the huge compound of bamboo and thatched houses sheltered nearly 140,000 refugees. It closed in 1993.

How many Cambodian refugees are in Thailand?

36,000 Cambodian refugees
Refugees from Cambodia. At the end of the year, more than 36,000 Cambodian refugees remained in Thailand.

How many refugee camps are in Thailand?

Thailand has hosted refugees from Burma/Myanmar for more than three decades. The current nine main camps that are home to around 86,000 people are a result of consolidations over the years of many smaller settlements along the 2,400-kilometre border line.

How many Karen refugee camps are there in Thailand?

There are about 39,000 Karen at Ban Mae La, the largest refugee camp in Thailand.

What is the story of the Ban Vinai refugee camp?

Ban Vinai had the appearance of an overgrown Hmong village, albeit seriously overcrowded. The population of Ban Vinai remained around 12,000 until 1979 when it climbed rapidly as a result of an increased flow of Hmong from Laos. By 1985, the population reached a peak of about 45, 000 people.

Can refugees work in Thailand?

The majority of refugees from Myanmar living in camps in Thailand have fled ethnic conflict, human-rights abuses and economic deprivation. With no legal right to work in Thailand or even to leave the camps, refugees live in limbo—dependent on services provided by aid organizations like the IRC.

Is Burma close to Thailand?

The Myanmar–Thailand border is the international border between the territory of Myanmar (formerly Burma) and Thailand. The border is 2,416 km (1,501 m) in length and runs from the tripoint with Laos in the north to Andaman Sea coast in the south.

Why are there refugees in Thailand?

For the past few decades, Thailand has been a major destination country for asylum seekers and refugees from Myanmar. Since 1984, Thailand has provided refuge to people fleeing violence in Myanmar, and more recently to economic migrants.

Why were there refugee camps in Thailand?

The current refugee population along the Thai- Myanmar border consists mainly of persons belonging to the Karen and Karenni ethnic minorities from Myanmar. They sought refuge in Thailand as a result of the ethnic insurgency and human rights abuses associated with civil conflict.

When was the Ban Vinai refugee camp closed?

Ban Vinai, at 400 acres and a capacity of 50,000 people, was one of the largest centers for the Hmong and other highlander refugees. Located in a valley among hills close to the Lao border, it was closed in 1992.

Where was the Khao I Dang Holding Center located?

Khao-I-Dang Holding Center was a Cambodian refugee camp located 20 km north of Aranyaprathet in Prachinburi (now Sa Kaeo) Province of Thailand.

Is there a camp at the foot of Khao I Dang?

Following the establishment of an emergency camp for refugees at Sa Kaeo, the Thai Ministry of the Interior authorized Mark Malloch Brown of the UNHCR to build a second camp at the foot of Khao-I-Dang Mountain.

What was the purpose of Khao I Dang?

Khao-I-Dang (known to aid agencies as KID) was intended to serve as a temporary holding center for refugees who would either be repatriated to Cambodia or expatriated to third countries. On the first day 4,800 people arrived and by 31 December there were 84,800.

Who was the last UN Secretary General to visit Khao I Dang?

UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim visited Khao-I-Dang Hospital on 6 August 1980, and Perez de Cuellar visited on 27 January 1985. Former President Jimmy Carter and First Lady Rosalynn Carter visited on 6 June 1985. Khao-I-Dang’s size steadily declined as its population was resettled in other countries.