What is nosocomial influenza?


What is nosocomial influenza?

We defined patients with nosocomial influenza as those admitted to a hospital for a reason other than acute respiratory infection in whom ILI symptoms developed ≥48 h after admission and influenza virus infection was confirmed using RT-PCR.

What is a nosocomial virus?

A nosocomial viral infection is defined as a viral infection the onset of which occurs when the patient has been hospitalized longer than the incubation period of the virus. Viruses account for about 5% of all nosocomial infections.

What is the meaning of nosocomial?

A nosocomial infection is contracted because of an infection or toxin that exists in a certain location, such as a hospital. People now use nosocomial infections interchangeably with the terms health-care associated infections (HAIs) and hospital-acquired infections.

Is the flu a nosocomial infection?

Nosocomial viral infections, particularly influenza, are consistently associated with substantial morbidity, mortality, care disorganization and increased healthcare costs. Viral outbreaks, including influenza or gastroenteritis, are frequently more dramatic and disruptive than some bacterial outbreaks.

Is pneumonia a nosocomial infection?

HAP is a common nosocomial bacterial infection and is most prevalent in medical and surgical intensive care units (ICUs). As such, HAP adds significantly to the cost of hospital care and to the length of hospital stays.

How can you prevent nosocomial infections?

Box 2: Practical methods for preventing nosocomial infection

  1. Hand washing: as often as possible. use of alcoholic hand spray.
  2. Stethoscope: cleaning with an alcohol swab at least daily.
  3. Gloves: supplement rather than replace hand washing.
  4. Intravenous catheter: thorough disinfection of skin before insertion.

What is the cause of nosocomial infection?

Often, nosocomial infections are caused by multidrug-resistant pathogens acquired via invasive procedures, excessive or improper antibiotic use, and not following infection control and prevention procedures.

What is the most common cause of nosocomial infections?

Bacteria. Bacteria are the most common pathogens responsible for nosocomial infections. Some belong to natural flora of the patient and cause infection only when the immune system of the patient becomes prone to infections.

What are examples of nosocomial infections?

Some of the common nosocomial infections are urinary tract infections, respiratory pneumonia, surgical site wound infections, bacteremia, gastrointestinal and skin infections.