What is the function of the endoplasmic reticulum 7th grade?


What is the function of the endoplasmic reticulum 7th grade?

7th Grade – Cell Parts and Functions

endoplasmic reticulum place where materials are processed and moved around inside the cell
ribosomes produces proteins within the cell
lysosomes contains digestive chemicals that help break down food molecules
cytoskeleton helps the animal cell maintain its shape and move

What is the function of ribosomes 7th grade?

A ribosomes is a small organelle involved in the process of making protein, which is called protein synthesis. The ribosome handles translation, which is the second part of protein synthesis. Ribosomes can be found floating freely in the cytoplasm or attached to rough endoplasmic reticulum.

What is the function of ribosomes and endoplasmic reticulum?

Essentially, the endoplasmic reticulum and ribosomes work together in order to synthesize proteins and have them transported to their final destination. The rough ER’s main function is to help form and store proteins, while the smooth ER store lipids, a type of fat.

What is a organelle 7th grade?

The thin tissue that forms the outer surface of the cytoplasm of a cell and regulates the passage of materials in and out of the cell. …

What is the structure and function of endoplasmic reticulum?

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a large, dynamic structure that serves many roles in the cell including calcium storage, protein synthesis and lipid metabolism. The diverse functions of the ER are performed by distinct domains; consisting of tubules, sheets and the nuclear envelope.

What are functions of ribosomes?

A ribosome functions as a micro-machine for making proteins. Ribosomes are composed of special proteins and nucleic acids. The TRANSLATION of information and the Linking of AMINO ACIDS are at the heart of the protein production process.

What is a lysosome 7th grade?

Lysosomes. Lysosomes contain chemicals that break down materials in the cell. They break down large food particles into smaller ones as well as old cell parts. Lysosomes are the cell’s cleanup crew. Lysosomes are common in animal cells but very rare in plant cells.

What does Golgi bodies mean in 7th grade?

The Golgi apparatus is an organelle that acts as the packaging center of the cell. It takes in protein, modifies it, and then places it in shipping containers called vesicles. The Golgi apparatus also makes lysosomes, which are organelles that contain digestive enzymes.

What are the three functions of endoplasmic reticulum?

The ER is the largest organelle in the cell and is a major site of protein synthesis and transport, protein folding, lipid and steroid synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism and calcium storage [1–7].

What is the function of the endoplasmic reticulum?

The endoplasmic reticulum can either be smooth or rough, and in general its function is to produce proteins for the rest of the cell to function. The rough endoplasmic reticulum has on it ribosomes, which are small, round organelles whose function it is to make those proteins.

Where are the ribosomes located in the cell?

Ribosomes are composed of RNA and protein. They occur in the cytoplasm and are the sites where protein synthesis occurs. Ribosomes may occur singly in the cytoplasm or in groups or may be attached to the endoplasmic reticulum thus forming the rough endoplasmic reticulum. Ribosomes are important for protein production.

How is the smooth endoplasmic reticulum different from the ribosomes?

It is a series of connected flattened sacs having several ribosomes on its outer surface, hence the name. It synthesizes and secretes proteins in the liver, hormones and other substances in the glands. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum, on the other hand, does not have ribosomes.

How does the ER membrane contribute to mitochondrial and peroxisomal membranes?

The ER membrane makes a major contribution to mitochondrial and peroxisomal membranes by producing most of their lipids. In addition, almost all of the proteins that will be secreted to the cell exterior—plus those destined for the lumen of the ER, Golgi apparatus, or lysosomes—are initially delivered to the ER lumen.