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What is the need of watershed management?

What is the need of watershed management?

The main aim of watershed management is to conserve the soil, plant, and water resources of a catchment while benefiting humanity. All environmental, social, and economic concerns are combined to treat watersheds in an integrated manner.

Why do watersheds develop?

Watershed development refers to the conservation; regeneration and the judicious use of all the natural resources particularly land, water, vegetation and animals and human development within the watershed.

What are 4 reasons watersheds are important?

Healthy watersheds provide many ecosystem services including, but not limited to: nutrient cycling, carbon storage, erosion/sedimentation control, increased biodiversity, soil formation, wildlife movement corridors, water storage, water filtration, flood control, food, timber and recreation, as well as reduced …

What are the objectives of watershed development Programme?

By capturing the Water Resources Management and improving the management of soil and vegetation, Watershed Development aims to create conditions conducive to higher agricultural productivity while conserving natural resources. To mitigate the adverse effects of drought on crops and livestock.

What is the main function of a watershed?

Because a watershed is an area that drains to a common body of water, one of its main functions is to temporarily store and transport water from the land surface to the water body and ultimately (for most watersheds) onward to the ocean.

What are the three functions of watershed?

Watersheds fulfill three primary functions: to capture water, filter and store it in the soil then release it into a water body.

What is function of watershed?

The main function of a watershed is to receive the incoming precipitation and then dispose it off. Hydrological functions: Collect rainfall water. Store water in various amounts and for different periods. Release water as runoff.

How is watershed development and management in India?

Introduction to Watershed Development and Management 2. Definition of Watershed 3. History of Watershed Development Program in India 4. Objectives of Watershed Management 5. Delineation of Watershed 6. Component of Watershed Management 7. Approaches of Watershed Management 8. Land Use Planning for the Management of Watershed.

What are the benefits of watershed development programs?

Watershed Development programs aim to restore degraded watersheds in rainfed regions to increase their capacity to capture and store rainwater, reduce soil erosion, and improve soil nutrient and carbon content so they can produce greater agricultural yields and other benefits.

Which is the best way to manage a watershed?

A large watershed can be managed in plain valley areas or where forest or pasture development is the main objective. In hilly areas or where intensive agriculture development is planned, the size of watershed relatively preferred is small. The rain-fed agriculture contributes 58 per cent of world’s food basket from 80 per cent agriculture lands.

When did the integrated watershed development program start?

The integrated watershed development program with participatory approach was emphasized during mid-1980s and in early 1990s. This approach had focused on raising crop productivity and livelihood improvement in watersheds (Wani et al., 2006) along with soil and water conservation measures.