What were the Nuremberg trials summary?


What were the Nuremberg trials summary?

The Nuremberg trials were conducted by an international tribunal made up of representatives from the United States, the Soviet Union, France and Great Britain. It was the first trial of its kind in history, and the defendants faced charges ranging from crimes against peace, to crimes of war, to crimes against humanity.

What were the Nuremberg trials *?

Nürnberg trials, Nürnberg also spelled Nuremberg, series of trials held in Nürnberg, Germany, in 1945–46, in which former Nazi leaders were indicted and tried as war criminals by the International Military Tribunal.

What was the main message of the Nuremberg trials?

Held for the purpose of bringing Nazi war criminals to justice, the Nuremberg trials were a series of 13 trials carried out in Nuremberg, Germany, between 1945 and 1949.

What were the Nuremberg trials and what did they accomplish?

The Nuremberg trials established that all of humanity would be guarded by an international legal shield and that even a Head of State would be held criminally responsible and punished for aggression and Crimes Against Humanity.

Who was found guilty in the Nuremberg trials?

The Nuremberg trials

  • Martin Bormann – Guilty, sentenced in absentia to death by hanging.
  • Karl Dönitz – Guilty, sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
  • Hans Frank – Guilty, sentenced to death by hanging.
  • Wilhelm Frick – Guilty, sentenced to death by hanging.
  • Hans Fritzsche – Acquitted.

What were the punishments for those found guilty during the Nuremberg trials?

On October 1, 1946, the Tribunal convicted 19 of the defendants and acquitted three. Of those convicted, 12 were sentenced to death. Three defendants were sentenced to life imprisonment and four to prison terms ranging from 10 to 20 years.

Why did the Nuremberg tribunal sentenced only 11?

Only these 11 Nazis were found guilty. The Allies did not want to be harsh on the defeated Germany as they had been after World War I. Germany promised never to repeat such an act. Germany was ready to pay a huge compensation to the Allied countries for these killings.

Who tried the first case in the Nuremberg trials?

Defendants in the First Nuremberg Trial

Martin Bormann (tried in absentia) Head of the Nazi Party Chancellery and Hitler’s private secretary
Konstantin von Neurath Minister of Foreign Affairs (1932–1938) and Reich Protector of Bohemia and Moravia [regions of Czechoslovakia controlled by Germany] (1939–1943)

What was the legal basis for the Nuremberg trials?

The legal basis for the trial was established by the London Charter, which was agreed upon by the four so-called Great Powers on 8 August 1945, and which restricted the trial to “punishment of the major war criminals of the European Axis countries”.

What was the verdict of Nuremberg Class 9?

Answer : The verdict of the Nuremberg tribunal was that international military tribunal issued the verdict against those who supported Nazis at Nuremberg. So it sentenced to death 12 Nazi officials who were involved in the crimes that happened during Nazi rule.

What were the results of the Nuremberg Trials?

The result of the Nuremberg Trials was a radical reformation of the international criminal justice system and it played an important role in writing the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Trials continued in Germany to denazify Europe.

Who were the defense lawyers of the Nuremberg Trials?

The vast majority of the defense attorneys were German lawyers.[24] These included Georg Fröschmann, Heinz Fritz ( Hans Fritzsche ), Otto Kranzbühler (Karl Dönitz), Otto Pannenbecker ( Wilhelm Frick ), Alfred Thoma (Alfred Rosenberg ), Kurt Kauffmann ( Ernst Kaltenbrunner ), Hans Laternser (general staff and high command), Franz Exner (Alfred Jodl), Alfred

What was the date of the Nuremberg Trials?

The Nuremberg trials were a series of trials held between 1945 and 1949 in which the Allies prosecuted German military leaders, political officials, industrialists, and financiers for crimes they had committed during World War II.