Common questions

Which position is given in tetralogy of Fallot?

Which position is given in tetralogy of Fallot?

In tetralogy of Fallot, the aorta is in the wrong position. It’s shifted to the right and lies directly above the hole in the heart wall (ventricular septal defect). As a result, the aorta receives a mix of oxygen-rich and oxygen-poor blood from both the right and left ventricles.

In which position the child is comfortable in tetralogy of Fallot?

The child will be placed on their back in the knee-to-chest position to increase aortic resistance. The increased aortic and left ventricular pressure reduces the rush of blood through the septal hole from the right ventricle and improves blood circulation to the lungs, so more red blood reaches the tissues.

What is the most common presentation of an infant with tetralogy of Fallot?

Presentation of pediatric patients with tetralogy of Fallot Most infants with tetralogy of Fallot have difficulty with feeding, and failure to thrive (FTT) is commonly observed. Infants with pulmonary atresia may become profoundly cyanotic as the ductus arteriosus closes unless bronchopulmonary collaterals are present.

How does tetralogy of Fallot affect babies?

Infants with tetralogy of Fallot can have a bluish-looking skin color―called cyanosis―because their blood doesn’t carry enough oxygen. At birth, infants might not have blue-looking skin, but later might develop sudden episodes of bluish skin during crying or feeding. These episodes are called tet spells.

Can babies with tetralogy of Fallot breastfeed?

Feeding and Nutrition Babies who have tetralogy of Fallot can tire while nursing or feeding. Small, frequent meals may be easier for your baby to handle. Your child also may need extra nutrition. A supplement or an extra feeding can give the baby more calories, vitamins, or iron.

What is tetralogy of Fallot and how is it repaired?

Tetralogy of Fallot is treated with two kinds of surgery. One provides temporary improvement by a shunt to give more blood flow to the lungs. The other is a complete repair of the two most important abnormalities that make up tetralogy of Fallot. Patients might have one or both surgeries in their lifetime.

When your child has tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)?

Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a congenital (present at birth) heart defect that occurs when children are born with a group of four (tetralogy) related heart defects. These defects keep oxygen-poor blood from reaching the lungs where it would normally become oxygen-rich.

What is the survival rate of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)?

The 25-year survival rate for patients undergoing surgical repair for Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), a form of cyanotic congenital heart disease, is 94.5%, with staged repairs and non-valve-sparing operations showing increased risk of early mortality, and genetic abnormalities increasing risk at ≥6 years post-surgery, according to a study published in JAMA Cardiology.

Which features are seen with the tetrology of Fallot?

Tetralogy of Fallot is made up of the following four defects of the heart and its blood vessels: A hole in the wall between the two lower chambers-or ventricles-of the heart. A narrowing of the pulmonary valve and main pulmonary artery. The aortic valve, which opens to the aorta, is enlarged and seems to open from both ventricles, rather than from the left ventricle only, as in a normal heart.